Thursday, December 1, 2022
HomeHealth & MedicineOpioid Prescriptions Significantly Higher for Patients with Lifelong Disabilities, Study Finds

Opioid Prescriptions Significantly Higher for Patients with Lifelong Disabilities, Study Finds

People with two pediatric-onset neurodevelopmental disorders are prescribed opioids at significantly higher rates than those without the conditions.

A Michigan Medicine study finds that people with two pediatric-onset neurodevelopmental disorders are prescribed opioids at significantly higher rates than those without the conditions, raising concerns over addiction, overdose and mental health issues.

Researchers analyzed prescriptions of opioids from private insurance claims of over 22,000 patients with cerebral palsy or spina bifida, and more than 930,000 patients without the conditions.

They found that oral morphine equivalents, derived from medications such as oxycodone, codeine and morphine, were prescribed to patients with cerebral palsy and spina bifida at a rate up to five times higher than patients who do not have those conditions. The higher prescription patterns spanned across people with no pain, isolated and chronic pain, according to results published in Heliyon (a Cell Press journal) (Peterson, Kamdar et al. 2022).

“Our findings are of great concern, given the known links between persistent opioid use and psychiatric conditions, as well as with overdose mortality,” said Mark Peterson, Ph.D., M.S., lead author of the paper and an associate professor of physical medicine and rehabilitation at University of Michigan Medical School.

opioid prescription medicine

Prevalence of Opioid Use

Chronic pain is the most commonly reported symptom among patients with cerebral palsy, a neurological condition caused by abnormalities in the brain, and spina bifida, a neural tube defect that can damage the spinal cord and nerves. Pain in these individuals may arise from several issues, including muscle spasticity, arthritis and invasive surgical procedures.

Previous studies found that more than 40% of all Medicaid beneficiaries with a disability took opioid pain relievers, with more than 20% reporting chronic opioid use. The research team raises concerns over whether long-term opioid use is appropriate for the treatment of non-cancer-related chronic pain.

Less Sugar, Please! New Studies Show Low Glucose Levels Might Assist Muscle Repair

Less Sugar, Please! New Studies Show Low Glucose Levels Might Assist Muscle Repair

Researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University have shown that skeletal muscle satellite cells, key players in muscle repair, proliferate better in ...
Read More
Woman Physical Exercise

Physical Exercise Is Beneficial, but More Intense Exercise Is Better

Physical exercise of any intensity is good for health, but more intense activity has better benefits, according to a new ...
Read More

Future studies must examine the effectiveness of non-opioid pain medications and alternative pain management strategies for adults living with cerebral palsy and spina bifida, says co-author Edward Hurvitz, M.D., chair of the U-M Health Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and a professor at U-M Medical School.

Efficient Referral System May Reduce the Opioid Addiction

“Improving clinical pain screening strategies and developing efficient referral resources for appropriate pain management may help reduce the burden of opioid addiction and overdose in these populations by matching treatments to underlying pain mechanisms,” Hurvitz said.

Additional authors include: Neil Kamdar, M.A., Jeidi J. Haapala, M.D., Chad Brummett, M.D., all of Michigan Medicine

This research was developed in part under a grant from the National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR #90RTHF0001-01-00).

Related Publication

Peterson, M. D., N. Kamdar, et al. (2022). “Opioid prescription patterns among adults with cerebral palsy and spina bifida.” Heliyon 8(7).

(Note: The content may have been edited for style and setting.)

RECOMMENDED FOR YOU

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

- Advertisment -spot_imgspot_img

Recent Post

Most Commented

Latest Reviews

married cancer patients emergency

Married People with Cancer Live Longer

0
The disease cancer evolves from gene mutations. However, convincing evidence supports the idea that marital union plays significant roles in cancer patients' survival.

Most Read

DISCOVER MORE STORIES