Who Is Affected by SARS-CoV-2?
SARS-CoV-2 is a virus that causes a respiratory illness known as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The virus is highly contagious and has spread quickly around the world, causing a global pandemic.
Anyone can be infected with SARS-CoV-2, but some people are at higher risk of developing severe illness, such as older adults and people with pre-existing medical conditions.
What Are the Symptoms of SARS-CoV-2 Infection?
The most common symptoms of SARS-CoV-2 are:
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- Muscle or body aches
- Sore throat
- Loss of taste or smell
- Congestion or runny nose
- Nausea or vomiting
In some cases, people with SARS-CoV-2 infection may not show any symptoms, but they can still spread the virus to others.
How Is SARS-CoV-2 Spread?
The virus is primarily spread through droplets generated when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or speaks. It is also possible to become infected from touching a contaminated surface and then touching your eyes, nose, or mouth. Therefore, it is important to practice hand hygiene and social distancing to reduce the spread of SARS-CoV-2.
What Is the Treatment for SARS-CoV-2 Infection?
Currently, there is no specific treatment for SARS-CoV-2 infection. Most people who are infected will recover with rest, fluids, and over-the-counter medications to relieve symptoms.
In some cases, people may need hospitalization or additional treatments, such as supplemental oxygen or antiviral drugs.
How Can I Protect Myself from SARS-CoV-2?
The best way to protect yourself and others from SARS-CoV-2 infection is to follow public health guidelines, such as:
- Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
- Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
- Stay home when you are sick.
- Cover your mouth and nose with a cloth face cover when in public settings.
- Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces.
- Get a flu vaccine every year.
By following these guidelines, you can help protect yourself and your community from SARS-CoV-2.